Sunday, December 20, 2015

What are blackheads? - Facts about blackheads that you should know







Blackheads appear as dark spots on the skin. They form when the oil glands present in the skin produce an excess amount of oil. The oil clumps together with the dead skin cells and forms a plug that blocks the pores of the skin leading to the formation of blackheads

How do blackheads form?

The skin has many hair follicles, and each hair follicle has a pair of oil glands (also known as sebaceous glands) at the base of the follicle. The oil glands produce an oil-like substance called sebum that keeps the skin hydrated.

Blackheads form due to an overproduction of sebum by the sebaceous glands. The sebum together with the dead skin cells blocks the pore of the skin by forming a plug. 

The plug appears black because the tip of the plug gets ruptured and the contents inside the plug get oxidised when exposed to air.

How to take care of blackheads?

Do not try to squeeze out blackheads. When you try to squeeze out, blackheads the size of the pores will enlarge. 

Dirt and germs will be able to get into your skin easily when the pore is enlarged and cause infection and inflammation of the skin.

Things that you can do to take care of blackheads
  • Wash your face twice a day. 
  • Wash your face after an exercise session or a walk in the hot sun or when you sweat a lot. 
  • Use a gentle face wash and pat your skin dry.
  • Wash off all makeup before you sleep. 
  • Use makeup products that are not oil-based.
  • Exfoliate your skin at least twice a week. Use a gentle exfoliating face wash.
  • Keep hair off your face. If the oil on your hair gets onto your face more, blackheads can form.
  • Do not keep touching your face often. The dirt and oil on your hands will get onto your skin and cause breakouts.


Use of Salicylic Acid and Glycolic Acid

The best solution is to keep your skin clear by getting rid of the dead skin cells and excess oil.

Salicylic acid and Glycolic acid both help to treat blackheads. These acids help to get rid of dead skin cells and balance the oil production in the skin.

When salicylic acid and glycolic acid is used consistently, the blackheads will slowly dissolve and disappear.

Your dermatologist is the best person to advise you about which acid to use and the concentration of acid that can help you to get rid of blackheads.


References

Blackheads- Causes, Diagnosis and Treatments

Skin Problems and Treatments



More on Skin Care

How to take care of large pores on your face

How to take care of dark circles under your eyes

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